TBI’s happen in all age groups, from a variety of causes, and impacts individuals in a spectrum of ways. However, there are certain considerations that can be applied to some unique groups, such as the impact of TBI on learning and school in children and adolescents; the prevention and identification of concussion in sports; and the changes in risk and prevention of TBI for the elderly.
Traumatic brain injuries in school aged children and teens can present a unique set of challenges to learning, school performance, and social interaction. The Minnesota Department of Education provides excellent fact sheets about the impacts of TBI for teens, school-aged children, and children birth to 4 years, respectively.
Another helpful link for educators or families of children who have TBI is through the MN Low Incidence Projects, which works to support Special Education policy relating to disabilities like TBI that occur in low numbers. This includes information for families and student evaluation forms for professionals in education, which may help to identify areas that are particularly impacted in the school setting.
One of the more commonly known types of Traumatic Brain Injury is concussion, which can affect both children and adults. This type of TBI can be caused by a direct hit to the head, or a hit to the body that is hard enough to cause the head to move back and forth, and often occurs without any loss of consciousness. The Center for Disease Control provides statistics on concussion in sports, as well as free training for coaches and parents on how to prevent concussion, how to identify a possible concussion and what to do if one occurs. You can find these here:
Although the leading cause of concussion for all age groups are falls, concussion from falling are particularly common reasons for TBI among seniors, and the risk for TBI from fall increases with age. This checklist from the MN Brain Injury Alliance helps to evaluate areas in the home that may increase risk of falls:
and the CDC has started an initiative called “Help Seniors Live Better, Longer: Prevent Brain Injury” that you can learn more about at: www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/seniors.html
If you or a loved one may have suffered a concussion and are experiencing severe or immediate symptoms, seek evaluation at an Emergency Department. If a concussion or brain injury has already been identified by a medical professional and you are seeking further evaluation and treatment of ongoing symptoms, please contact Noran Neurological Clinic at 612-879-1500 to schedule an appointment with a neurologist experienced in the management of this injury.